2 edition of The relationship between toothpaste ingestion and enamel mottling in children found in the catalog.
The relationship between toothpaste ingestion and enamel mottling in children
Amjad Mustafa Sabieha
Thesis (M.Dent.Sc. - Paediatric Denstistry) - University of Birmingham, School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry.
|Statement||by Amjad Mustafa Sabieha.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||183 p. :|
|Number of Pages||183|
Dental fluorosis, which damages tooth enamel, is caused by an excess of ingested fluoride by young children. At a very mild or mild level, it causes white splotches or stripes on teeth. At moderate or severe levels, the mottling is more pronounced and can cause yellow or brown stains and pitting of the enamel, which can increase cavities. Hypoplasia Caused by Fluoride (Dental Fluorosis) Excess ingestion of fluoride can affect ameloblasts during the appositional, calcification, and maturation stages of tooth development, causing the clinical entity called dental fluorosis or mottled enamel. The appearance of enamel affected by excessive fluoride during formation varies considerably.
Considering the 1% of significance, in the statistical analysis, we observed a direct relationship between TF1, TF2, TF3 and TF4 indexes with an increased risk of presenting fluorosis was observed when brushing was done with adult toothpaste (OR, , , ; p=0,) and if there was an intake of it (OR: , , Author: Ana del Carmen Armas-Vega, Farith-Damián González-Martínez, Mercedes-Silvana Rivera-Martínez, María-. Children below three years of age should use toothpastes with a fluoride level of ppm whereas children above three years of age can use toothpaste .
Because > 90% of toothpaste sold in North America is fluoridated, many children are exposed to fluoride through incidental ingestion of toothpaste. Toothpastes specifically flavored for children have been linked with use of larger quantities of toothpaste, increasing the importance of this pathway (Levy ). A second aim was to analyse the relationship between DF prevalence and reported use of fluoride toothpaste in early childhood. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A representative, random sample of year-old children was examined in water fluoridated Dublin (Ireland) and non-water fluoridated Freiburg (Germany), where fluoridated.
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Objective To investigate the reported and observed brushing habits of young children and their ingestion of fluoride from toothpaste.
Design Ina random sample of 50 children Cited by: The AAPD recommends that children less than 2 years of age should use a smear layer of fluoride toothpaste (≥ ppm) twice a day, and children up to 5 years of age should use a pea-sized. Although the efficacy of drinking-water fluoridation is well accepted by the scientific community and policy makers, the benefits are not without consequence.
Ingestion of fluoride during the formative years of a child’s enamel development can cause dental fluorosis—a condition marked by permanent, often pronounced staining of adult by: [Intervention Review] Topical ﬂuoride as a cause of dental ﬂuorosis in children May CM Wong 1, Anne-Marie Glenny2, Boyd WK Tsang, Edward CM Lo, Helen V Worthington 1, Anne-Marie Glenny2, Boyd WK Tsang, Edward CM Lo, Helen V Worthington.
A previous study, involving children aged to years, reported that only 34% of children in the North of England used a children's toothpaste. 17 The validity of Cited by: However, a possible adverse effect associated with the use of fluoride toothpaste is the mottling of permanent teeth due to the swallowing of excessive fluoride by young children with developing.
Fluoride ingestion from toothpaste and diet in 1–3 year old Brazilian children Article in Community Dentistry And Oral Epidemiology 35(1) March with Reads How we measure 'reads'. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between enamel fluoride, degree of fluorosis (DEGF) and caries incidence (DMFT) in an endemic fluoride area.
Dental sealants are effective in preventing dental caries in the occlusal (chewing) and other pitted and fissured surfaces of the teeth.
Enamel fluorosis is a hypomineralization of enamel related. There is a possible link between fluoride ingestion and the prevalence of Down’s syndrome (Whiting et al. ), especially for children born to mothers of age.
Determination of exposure and probable ingestion of fluoride through tea, toothpaste, tobacco and pan masala. Fluorosis can be easily detected in teeth, in the form of mottling of tooth enamel. The clinical symptoms of mild dental fluorosis vary from thin white striae across the enamel Cited by: Results.
In bivariate analyses, mild fluorosis was significantly related to ingestion of fluoride dentifrice at ages 24 and 36 months (P for both).After the authors adjusted for fluoride ingested from dietary sources, logistic regression showed a significant association between fluorosis and dentifrice ingestion at age 24 months (P).Cited by: The Institute of Medicine report Childhood Immunization Schedule and Safety: Stakeholder Concerns, Scientific Evidence, and Future Studies provides an up-to-date review of immunization safety for children.1 This report, along with numerous other publications, indicates that childhood immunizations are safe, have decreased morbidity and mortality by reducing the incidence of serious Cited by: Tobacco.
Several recent studies have reported on the adverse impact of both smoked and smokeless tobacco on the oral health of children, adolescents, 20–22 and adults.
23–26 Investigators have specifically linked cigarette smoking with periodontal disease in adults, 25,27,28 and a relationship between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and periodontal health in adults has been reported. Recently there has been increasing debate on the alleged link between increased use of fluoride toothpaste, particularly by infants and young children, and increased levels of enamel fluorosis.
Central to these discussions are two issues, namely measurement of the amount of fluoride ingested by infants and young children and measurement of enamel opacities including fluorosis. As early asStocks observed that children consuming well water in the village of Somerset, England exhibited both goiter and mottled enamel (dental fluorosis).
Some years later, Wilson () found dental fluorosis (DF) associated with goiter and cretinism among children living in areas of Punjab where fluoride was recognized geologically to be significantly by: These variables include fluoride concentration and weight of toothpaste used, frequency of brushing and body weight of the child.
The overall aim of the Biomed 2 Flint Project62, 63 was to assess the link between fluoride ingestion from toothpaste by young children and dental fluorosis. The authors concluded that 60% of the – year-olds Cited by: Further studies by McKay, Kempf, and Churchill on water samples in areas in Idaho and Arkansas in confirmed the link between mottled enamel and high water fluoride levels.
FromDr. Trendley Dean, Head of the Dental Hygiene Unit at the National Institute of Health, began investigating the epidemiology of fluorosis. -he discovered the correlation between children and low caries rate and the amount of natural fluoride in the water _____-the first dentist in the National Institute of Health, H.
Trendley Dean, he was trying to identify the cause of mottled enamel. Dental fluorosis – discoloration and mottling of the enamel and dentin layers of teeth – occurs as a result of excess fluoride ingestion during tooth formation.
In a child’s permanent teeth, this typically begins with the lower incisors, which undergo complete mineralization. Initial data in showed that children in aurora enjoyed. significantly fewer DMF teeth when compared to children in grand rapids In fluoride was added to the grand rapids drinking water of.
Fluoride toothpaste contains up to 1mg/gram of fluoride. A whole tube contains about mg of fluoride — enough to kill a pound child. Tooth brushing causes ingestion of mg/day. Researchers in Japan were achieving some degree of understanding about fluorides consumption and human cancer.
Dr.The relationship between diet and oral health is highly related as good tooth enamel becomes toughened, mottled and discolored. However, teeth still remain strong and resistant a fluoride toothpaste.
• Children should avoid or limit consumption of File Size: KB.